In Part II of my chat with Endre Granat, we discuss some of the mechanics of playing a stringed instrument and Endre demonstrates standard bowing techniques. He breaks them down into three categories.
Legato is the default bow stroke; no additional notation is needed apart from slurs if you want more than one note per bow. Staccato is a short, fast stroke where the bow starts and ends on the string. ‘Bouncing’ is a stroke where the bow starts and ends above, therefore ‘off’ the string. Endre demonstrates two ‘bouncing’ strokes, spiccato and sautille a la corde.
Endre also talks about what is not needed in a string part.
But sure to check out Part I and Guide to a Good Bow Job for more detail on bowing techniques and necessary indications in the score. In Part III Endre discusses and demonstrates Sul Tasto, Sul Ponticello, Con Sordino and Pizzicato.